Summer 1999
Introduction to Women's Studies WMNS 101.02
Rabab Abdulhadi

Introduction to Women's Studies

Course Description:
This interdisciplinary course introduces us to the field of women's studies. As such, we seek to learn about the origins and the developments, as well as the key debates, approaches, and tensions among and between students of women's studies. We begin by studying the context in which women's studies emerged. Next, we turn our attention to the ways in which women's studies studies women to clarify for ourselves (1) why certain aspects of women's lives are more attractive to researchers than others; (2) what approaches to research and analysis, if any, distinguish women's studies' scholarship from other intellectual projects; and (3) whether (and how) the social location of the researcher is implicated in the subject of her/his study. We then examine key debates in women's studies communities, especially those centering on the extent to which systems of differentiation and domination influence and shape women's lives, including gender, sexuality, class, race, ethnicity, and nationality. As well, we explore the tensions among students of women's studies, including those focusing on the scope of women's studies vis-a-vis other "sister" areas of concern, such as feminist studies, gender studies, men studies, and queer studies. Finally, we conclude the course by examining the challenges facing women's studies and by contemplating possible alternatives and directions in the future of women's studies.

Required Readings:
All required readings (books and the readings packet) are on reserve at the library under my name. Textbooks are sold at Revolution Books (212) 691-3345. The Required Reading Packet may be purchase at Whole Sale Copy (212) 779-4065. Articles in the course reader are indicated with an asterisk on the syllabus.

You are responsible for all the required readings. In addition to the assigned books and the packet of articles, the required readings include a list of biographical narratives and accounts of women's experiences from which you need to choose one on which to write and to present a review.

Required Books:
Richardson, Laurel, Taylor, Verta, and Whittier, Nancy, eds. 1997. Feminist Frontiers IV. New York: McGraw-Hill [R, T, & W] Cohen, Cathy, Jones, Kathleen, and Tronto, Joan, eds. 1997. Women Transforming Politics: An Alterative Reader. New York: New York University Press. [C, J, & T]

Novels/Biographies/Case Studies: (Choose one on which to do your presentation)
Al-Shaykh, Hanan. 1992. Women of Sand and Myrrh. London: Quartet Books. Angelou, Maya. 1970. I know Why the Caged Bird Sings. New York: Doubleday. Roy, Arundhati. 1997. The God of All Small Things. New York: Harper. Davis, Madeline, and Kennedy, Elizabeth. 1993. Boots of Leather, Slippers of Gold: The History of A Lesbian Community. New York: Penguin. Evans, Sara. 1979. Personal Politics. New York: Random House. Garcia, Julia. 1991. How the Garcia Girls Lost their Accent. New York: Penguin. Majozo, Estella. 1998. Come Out the Wilderness. New York: Feminist Press. Tan, Amy. 1989. The Joy Luck Club. New York: Ivy Books.

Seminar Policies:
(i) class attendance and punctuality: Attendance records will be kept at the beginning of each class to note attendances and absences. Please come to class on time. If you arrive after attendance is taken, you will be marked absent. Excessive absences during the semester will result in the loss of percentage points allocated to this portion of the grade (5 points of the final grade for each missed class).

(ii) students with disabilities: Please notify me on the first day of classes of any special needs or documented disabilities that require modified instructional procedures.

(iii) cheating and plagiarism: Any information, arguments, or data you use in writing your papers should be properly cited and credited. Please do not submit work that is not your own. Ignoring this warning will produce an "F" grade in this course.

(iv) Food and drinks in the classroom: No alcoholic beverages will be allowed during class. Non-alcoholic drinks and snacks are permitted as long as they do not cause class disruption or result in littering. In other words, no chips or other noise-making food are allowed. And clean-up afterwards is expected. Needless to say that Hunter College is smoke-free.

(v) academic freedom: Freedom of speech and ideas is a basic principle of academic life (and universal human rights). Please listen carefully to your colleagues and respect their viewpoints. Every student will have a chance to express her/his opinion as long as it is voiced in a respectful manner. Conversely, engaging in derogatory statements, hate speech, interruptions, heckling, or in belittling ideas with which one disagrees will not be tolerated.

(iv) staying in touch: each student is required to have an electronic mailing (e-mail) account no later than June 16 at which time an email list will be constructed and available for our use and communications. Those of you who do not have an email account should go to the Instructional Computing Services -- Room # 1001 Hunter North to either set up an email account or to access the account that has already been set up for you.

(v) deadlines: all deadlines are non-negotiable; they must be respected. No late work will be accepted; no make-ups will be allowed; and no incompletes will be given. Please note that you receive a zero for any assignment that you miss. Should this situation arise, try to do better on the other assignments. It is up to you how well you do in this course.

(vi) your records: please keep a copy of all work you turn in to me in a folder for this purpose. Do not discard any graded work until the semester is over and your course grade has been recorded with the registrar. If a dispute should arise over whether or not you did a particular assignment, we will accept my version of the facts unless you can produce the paper in question.

(vii) appearance of written work: all your assignments must be type-written or computer printed and double-spaced with 1-inch margins. Staple your paper in the upper left-hand corner. Do not use plastic report covers or any such binders for your papers.

Requirements and Semester Grade:
This is an interactive-participatory course. Each student is expected to participate and contribute to class discussions; to carry out all assignments on time; and to fully take part in the group discussions and presentations. Your final grade will be made up of: (I) memos and class participation -- 50%; (ii) presentation of "A Life of a Woman" -- 20%; and (iii) a newspaper article on "Getting to Know My Neighbors: The Daily Lives of New York Women"-- 30%.

(i) memos and class participation: this requirement accounts for 50% of your grade. Therefore, you must: 1. attend class regularly. If you miss class, your grade will suffer (see above). 2. do all the readings and write a one-page memo once a week on the readings we will discuss the following week. Memos are due at the beginning of class on Wednesday.

3. Email your memos to the whole class by 12 noon on Wednesday. Memos received after 12 noon will not be considered.

Each memo must include (1) a short summary of the article; (2) your analysis of the readings; and (3) questions for discussion. Please note that a mere summary of the material will not earn you a full grade. In writing your memo, keep in mind the following questions:

1. what is the reading about?
(First and/or second paragraph with full citation)
2. What is the main point?
(Second and/or third paragraph)
3. Does the analysis apply to my life/context/culture?
(Third and/or fourth paragraph)
4. What is the most interesting thing I learned from the reading?
(Fourth and/or fifth paragraph)
5. What questions do this week's readings raise?
(Last paragraph)

before coming to class, check your email and download all the memos from your class-mates. Read all the memos carefully and prepare questions and comments for discussion. Be prepared to thoughtfully critique the work of your class-mates. Note that criticism does not always imply negative commentary; you may find the presentation impressive in which case, you should say so. Be mindful to treat other students' work as you wish them to treat your own.

I will collect certain memos each week to grade. If you fail to deliver your memo when I call your name, you will receive a zero for this assignment. By the end of the term, you should have in your folder 5 memos regardless of whether they were graded or not. Note that you can always earn extra credits for any additional memos that you write as well as for being prepared to contribute to class discussion from material outside the required readings.

(ii) presenting "A Life of a Woman": within your group, you are to select one of the books listed above (each group must present all the books on the list) and to write a draft outlining your presentation on the life of a woman of your choice. In your presentation, you are to explain: (1) why you chose this particular woman; (2) what significance this woman's life has to women's studies, in general, or to a specific aspect of women's studies, in particular; (3) what most impressed you about this woman and her life experiences; (4) in what ways these experiences are linked to our subject matter (which readings); (5) what new things you learned about this particular woman's culture that you did not know before; (6) finally, in what ways this woman's life has changed your view of women's experiences, i.e. how this knowledge shapes and influences your thought patterns. A draft outline of your presentation is due to on Thursday, June 24, 1999. Outlines are returned to original authors with comments on Monday, June 28, 1999. Group presentations are to be made to the whole class on Wednesday and Thursday, July 7 and 8, 1999.

Please note that I expect you to prepare your presentation based on the book, not on the video. Should you choose to rent the video in lieu of reading the book, you will lose the 20% of your final grade allocated to this assignment.

(iv) a newspaper article on "Getting to Know My Neighbor: The Daily Lives of New York Women": Building on the memos and on the presentation (above), this assignment is aimed at expanding our knowledge about the diversity of women's lives and experiences. Simultaneously, this assignment aims at providing us with the opportunity to experience research methods most employed by students of women's studies. Living in the New York area enables us to learn first-hand the experiences, hardships, and triumphs of women from almost all over the world. The class, therefore, will collectively produce "a special edition of a newspaper" in which articles written by students about New York's diverse communities will be featured. Each of you will write a newspaper article (no longer than 2 double-spaced pages with 1 inch margins) in a style similar to that of the New York Times. For your topic, you will be assigned a community in your own neighborhood (other than yours). For example, if you lived in Queens and were of Korean origin, you would not write your article about a Korean woman in New York; rather, the site for your investigation might either be an Indian grocery or a Greek Orthodox church. Likewise, if you lived in Brooklyn and came from Williamsburg's Jewish community, your article may feature, for example, the Puerto Rican community, by possibly observing and interviewing women at El Puente. Keep in mind that the term, community, is not limited to cultural, ethnic, racial, or national social groups; your site may be a gay, lesbian, or a queer community center; an environmental movement; an anti- racist mobilization; a peace and justice group; or a feminist action. Note that the more creative and imaginative your project is, the better your grade, and the more challenging your ideas, will be. Of course, you will need the help of your class-mates who are more intimately knowledgeable about a particular culture. You must treat input from your classmates with utmost respect and seriousness. You are expected to incorporate input from your classmates regarding (1) cultural sensitivity; (2) the actual process of research; and (3) the various stages of writing your article. To further help you write your article, you will have a chance to review New York Times articles and to consult with background research at the library. In order for you to receive full credit for your work, you must abide by the following timeline:

-- abstract of topic due on Monday, June 21, 1999.
-- abstracts returned to original authors with comments on Thursday, June 24, 1999.
-- field research begins on Thursday, June 24, 1999.
-- field research progress report due on Wednesday, June 30, and on Thursday, July 1, 1999.
-- draft newspaper article due on Thursday, July 8, 1999.
-- draft newspaper articles returned to original authors on Monday, July 12, 1999.
-- library excursion for background research on Thursday, July 15, 1999.
-- final draft of newspaper article due on Thursday, July 19, 1999.
-- group reports and discussion of articles: July 19 - 22, 1999.


Introduction and Organization: What is Women's Studies? [6/14]
[The class will be divided into small groups. Each group will have 15 to 20 minutes to read three articles and make notes on their contents. Unless otherwise noted, all the readings below are from Richardson, Taylor and Whittier.]

Group 1:
Sourjourner Truth. "Ain't I a Woman?" Pp. 20-21. Alice Walker, Womanist. Pp. 104- bell hooks "Black Students who reject feminism." pp. 546.

Group 2:
Editorial Staff, Women Right Now, Glamour Magazine. A Monumental Oversight pp. 118. Deevey, Sharon. "Assessing Patient's Special Needs." pp. 386. Ladner, Joyce. "Black women as Do-ers: The Social Responsibility of Black Women." pp. 504.

Group 3:
Tannen, Deborah. Different Words, Different Worlds. Pp. 122. Eisenberg, Susan. "Ballet, Touche." pp. 174 Faludi, Susan. "I'm not a feminist but I play one on TV." pp. 518.

Group 4:
Wolf, Naomi, The Beauty Myth. P. 126 Wallace, Michele, Women Rap Back. Pp. 135 Galler, Roberta. "The Myth of the Perfect Body." pp. 342.

Group 5:
Spelman, Elizabeth. "Gender in the Context of Race and Class: Notes on Chodorow's 'Reproduction of Mothering'" pp. 158 Ehrenreich, Barbara. "The Mommy Test." pp. 218 Miller, Eleanor. "When the political becomes personal or an abortion that wasn't an abortion: A right that hardly seems such." pp. 378.

group 6:
Popovic, Neil. "The Game of the Name." pp. 265. Steinum, Gloria. "If Men Could Menstruate." 358. Allen, Robert, and Kivel, Paul. "Men Changing Men." pp. 400. Kimmel, Michael. "Judaism, Masculinity, and Feminism." pp. 530.

Group 7:
Ehrenreich, Barbara. "In Praise of Best Friends: The Revival of A Fine Old Tradition." pp. 328 Brenner, Claudia. "A Letter from Claudia Brenner." pp. 422. Bishop, Katherine. "Lesbians Clear Hurdles to Gain Leadership Posts." pp. 458.

Group 8:
Ms. Magazine, Gulf Dispatch. "Reinventing the Wheel." Adams, Carol. "Ecofeminism: Anima, Animus, Animal." pp. 512. Steinum, Gloria. ""Helping ourselves to revolution." pp. 554. Dugger, Celia. "Lower Caste Women Turn Village Rule Upside Down." New York Times, May 3, 1999.*

Group 9:
Thompson, Ginger. "No Asylum for a Woman Threatened with Genital Cutting." New York Times, April 25, 1999.* Kinzer, Stephen. "Musings on Freedom, by Wearer of Muslim Scarf." New York Times, May 12, 1999.* Crossette, Barbara. "Testing the Limits of Tolerance as Cultures Mix: Does Freedom Mean Accepting Rituals that Repel the West?" New York Times, March 6, 1999.*

What is Women's Studies? How does Women's Studies study women? [6/16]
Hunter College Women's Collective. 1995."Introduction to Women's Studies." pp. 4-18 in Women's Realities, Women's Choices. New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press.* Hull, Gloria, and Smith, Barbara. 1982. "The Politics of Black Women's Studies." pp. xvii-xxxii in All the Women Are White, All the Blacks Are Men, But Some of Us Are Brave: Black Women's Studies, edited by Gloria Hull, Patricia Scott, and Barbara Smith. New York: The Feminist Press.* Altorki, Soraya, and El-Solh, Camille, eds. 1988. "Introduction." pp. 1-23 in Arab Women in the Field. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press.* Davis, Madeline, and Kennedy, Elizabeth. 1997. "Oral History and the Study of Sexuality in the Lesbian Community: Buffalo, New York, 1940-1960." pp. 313-323 in R, T, & W. Harding, Sandra. 1987. "Introduction: Is There a Feminist Method?" pp. 1-14 in Feminism and Methodology, edited by Sandra Harding. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.* Hill-Collins, Patricia. 1997. "The Social Construction of Black Feminist Thought." pp. 101-10 in R,T, & W.

Film: "Pink and The Blues" & "Killing Us Softly"
Memo 1 due

What is a Woman? Representation and Imagery of Women: [6/17]
Hunter College Women's Collective. 1995. "Defining Women." pp. 19-22 in Women's Realities, Women's Choices. New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press.* Rose, Tricia. 1994. "Bad Sistas: Black Women Rappers and Sexual Politics in Rap Music." pp. 146- 182 in Black Noise: Rap Music and Black Culture in Contemporary America. Hanover, NH: University Press of New England.* Williams, Patricia. 1997. "Hate Radio: Why We Need to Tune in to Limbaugh and Stern." pp. 135- 138 in R, T, & W. Anzaldua, Gloria. 1997. "En Rapport, In Opposition: Cobrando ceuntas a Las Nuestras." pp. 139-142 in R, T, & W. Richardson, Laurel. 1997. "Gender Stereotyping in the English Language." pp. 115-22 in R, T, & W.

What is a Woman? Body Politics I--Women's Sexuality: [6/21]
Shapiro, Judith. 1997. "Transsexualism: Reflections on the Persistence of Gender and the Mutability of Sex." pp. 48-63 in R, T, & W. Rich, Adrienne. 1997. "Compulsory Heterosexuality and Lesbian Existence." pp. 81-100 in R, T, W. Lewin, Ellen. 1997. "Negotiating Lesbian Motherhood: The Dialectics of Resistance and Accommodation." pp. 295-306 in R, T, & W. Tolman, Deborah. 1997. "Doing Desire: Adolescent Girls' Struggle for/with Sexuality." pp. 337-349 in R. T, & W. Densham, Andrea. 1997. "The Marginalized Use of Power and Identity: Lesbians' Participation in Breast Cancer and AIDS Activism." pp. 284-301 in C, J, & T.

Abstract of newspaper article due

What is a Woman? Body Politics II--Reproduction: [6/23]
Davis, Angela. 1997. "Outcast Mothers and Surrogates: Racism and Reproductive Politics in the Nineties." pp. 375-384 in R T, & W. Moss, Helga. 1994. "Consumption and Fertility." pp. 238-246 in Feminist Perspectives on Sustainable Development, edited by Wendy Harcourt. London: Zed Books, Ltd.* Dalsimer, Marlyn, and Nisonoff, Laurie. 1998. "Abuses Against Women and Girls under the One- Child Family Plan in the People's Republic of China." pp. 284-92 in Women, Gender, and Development, edited by Nalini Visvanathan. London: Zed Books Ltd.* Yuval-Davis, N. 1989. "National Reproduction and the 'Demographic Race' in Israel," pp. 92-109 in Woman-Nation-State, edited by N. Yuval-Davis and F. Anthias. London: Macmillan Press.* Roth, Rachel. 1997. "Women, Work, and the Politics of Fetal Rights." pp. 94-106 in C, J, & T.

Film: "La Operacion"
Memo 2 due

What is a Woman? Body Politics III--Sexual Politics & Sexual Violence: [6/24]
Shende, Suzanne. 1997. "Fighting the Violence against Our Sisters: Prosecution of Pregnant Women and the Coercive Use of Norplant." pp. 123-135 in C, J, & T. Caputi, Jane, And Russell, Diana. 1997. "'Femicide': Speaking the Unspeakable." pp. 421-426 in R, T, & W. Carby, Hazel. 1997. "Policing the Black Woman's Body in an Urban Context." pp. 151-166 in C, J, & T. Shukla, Sandyha. 1997. "Feminism in the Diaspora Both Local and Global: The Politics of South Asian Women Against Domestic Violence." pp. 269-283 in C, J, & T. Benderly, Jill. 1997. "Rape, Feminism, and Nationalism in the War in Yugoslav Successor States." pp. 59-72 in Feminist Nationalism, edited by Lois West. New York & London: Routledge.*

Draft Outline of Presentation--"A Life of a Woman"-- due
Abstracts of final projects returned to original authors
Field Research Begins

"Ethnic Cleansing"and Ethnic Foods! Sisterhood, Sameness, and Difference: [6/28]
Tetreault, Mary Ann. 1997. "Accountability or Justice? Rape as a War Crime." Pp. 427-439 in R, T, & W. Mohanty, Chandra. 1990. "Under Western Eyes: Feminist Scholarship and Colonial Discourses.," In Mohanty, C., Russo, A., and Torres, L. Third World Women and the Politics of Feminism. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.* Smith, Barbara. 1982. "Racism and Women's Studies." Pp. 48-56 in All the Women Are White, All the Blacks Are Men, But Some of Us Are Brave: Black Women's Studies, edited by Gloria Hull, Patricia Scott, and Barbara Smith. New York: The Feminist Press.* Longva, A. N. 1993. "Kuwaiti Women at a Crossroads: Privileged Development and the Constraints of Ethnic Stratification." In International Journal of Middle East Studies, 25, No.3: 443-56.* Jehl, Douglas. "It's Barbie vs. Laila and Sara in Mideast Culture War." New York Times, June 2, 1999. Lorde, Audre. 1992. "Age, Race, Class, and Sex: Women Redefining Difference." pp. 47-54 in Knowing Women: Feminism and Knowledge, edited by Helen Crowley & Susan Himmelweit. Cambridge, UK: Open University Press.*

Draft Outline of Presentation returned to original author with feedback
$$ Makes the World Go Round? Globalization & the Political Economy of Sex/Gender: [6/30]
Fernandez-Kelly, Maria Patricia. 1998. "Maquiladoras: The View from the Inside." pp. 203-215 in Women, Gender, and Development, edited by Nalini Visvanathan. London: Zed Books.* Dillon, Sam. "Feminist Propels Outcry at Brutal Mexico Killings." New York Times, February 28, 1999.* Honig, Emily. 1997. "Burning Incense, Pledging Sisterhood: Communities of Women Workers in the Shanghai Cotton Mills, 1919-1949." pp. 485-493 in R, T, & W. Ault, Amber, and Sandberg, Eve. 1997. "Our Policies, Their Consequences: Zambian Women's Lives Under 'Structural Adjustments'." pp. 493-496 in R, T, & W. Stacey, Judith. 1997. "Postindustrial Conditions and Postfeminist Consciousness in the Silicon Valley." pp. 510-512 in R, T, & W. Weinbaum, Eve. 1997. "Transforming Democracy: Rural Women and Labor Resistance." pp. 324- 339 in C, J, & T.

Film: "The Global Assembly Line"
Group Presentations of Field Research Progress Reports
Memo 3 due

Does Race Matter? or "Ain't I A Woman"? [7/1]
Banet-Weiser, Sarah. 1997. "Fade to White: Racial Politics and the Troubled Reign of Vanessa Williams." pp. 167-184 in C, J, & T. Mattingly, Doreen. 1997. "'Working Men' and 'Dependent Wives': Gender, 'Race,' and the Regulation of Migration from Mexico." pp. 47-61 in C, J, & T. Crow, Barbara. 1997. "Relative Privilege? Reconsidering White Women's Participation in Municipal Politics." pp. 435-446 in C, J, & T. Joe, Jennifer, and Lonewolf Miller, Dorothy. 1997. "Cultural Survival and Contemporary American Indian Women in the City." pp. 136-150 in C, J, & W. Frankenberg, R. 1994. "Whiteness and Americanness: Examining Constructions of Race, Culture, and Nation in White Women's Life Narratives." Gergory, S, and Sanjek, R., eds. Race. New York: Routledge. pp. 62-77.* Shiran, V. 1991. "Feminist Identity vs. Oriental Identity," in Swirski, B., and Safir, M., eds. Calling the Equality's Bluff: Women in Israel. New York: Pergamon Press.*

Group Presentations of Field Research Progress Reports

Men War Makers? Women Peace Makers? Politics, Nation & Public/Private Dichotomy: [7/7]
Enloe, C., 1989. "Nationalism and Masculinity." In Bananas, Beaches, & Bases. Berkeley: University of California Press.* Peterson, V. Spike, and Sisson Runyan, Anne. 1999. "The Politics of Resistance: Women as Nonstate, Antistate, and Transstate Actors." pp. 163-211 in Global Gender Issues: Dilemmas in World Politics, Second Edition. Bolder, Colorado: Westview Press.* Echols, Alice. 1997. "Nothing Distant About It: Women's Liberation and Sixties Radicalism." pp. 456-476 in C, J, & T. Barkley Brown, Elsa. 1997. "Negotiating and Transforming the Public Sphere: African American Political Life in the Transition from Slavery to Freedom." pp. 343-376 in C, J, & T. Fanon, F. 1965. "Algeria Unveiled." pp. 35-67 in A Dying Colonialism. New York: Grove Press.* Slyomovics, S. 1995. "'Hassiba Ben Bouali, If You Could See Our Algeria': Women and Public Space in Algeria." In Middle East Report, 25, No.192: 8-13.*

Film: "The Battle of Algiers"
Group Presentations of Book Reviews
Memo 4 due

Gender, Power, Domination, and Religious Discourses: [7/8]
Ahmad, L. "Discourse of the Veil." pp. 144-168 in Women, Gender, and Islam. New Haven: Yale University Press.* Schuster, Nancy. 1985. "Striking a Balance: Women and Images of Women in Early Chinese Buddhism." pp. 87-112 in Women, Religion and Social Change, edited by Yvonne Yazbek Haddad and Ellison Banks Findly. Albany: State University of New York Press.* Hackett, Rosalind. 1985. "Sacred Paradoxes: Women and Religious Plurality in Nigeria." pp. 247- 271 in Women, Religion and Social Change, edited by Yvonne Yazbek Haddad and Ellison Banks Findly. Albany: State University of New York Press.* Shimony, Annemarie. 1985. "Iroquois Religion and Women in Historical Perspective." pp. 397-418 in Women, Religion and Social Change, edited by Yvonne Yazbek Haddad and Ellison Banks Findly. Albany: State University of New York Press.* Ratte, Lou. 1985. "Goddesses, Mothers, and Heroines: Hindu Women and the Feminine in the Early Nationalist Movement." pp. 351-376 in Women, Religion and Social Change, edited by Yvonne Yazbek Haddad and Ellison Banks Findly. Albany: SUNY Press.* Iadarola, Antoinette. 1985. "The American Catholic Bishops and Woman: From the Nineteenth Amendment to ERA." pp. 457-476 in Women, Religion and Social Change, edited by Yvonne Yazbek Haddad and Ellison Banks Findly. Albany: State University of New York Press.*

Group Presentations of Book Reviews
Draft Newspaper Article due

Theorizing Women's Oppression and Liberation--Feminist, Queer, and Men's Studies: [7/12]
Thompson, Ginger. "In Mexico, Children and Promises, Unkept." New York Times, June 2, 1999.* Jagger, Alison, and Rothenberg, Paula. 1984. "Theories of Women's Oppression" and "The Need for Liberation." pp. 3-9; 81-90 in Feminist frameworks: Alternative Theoretical Accounts of the Relations between Women and Men. New York: McGraw-Hill.* Hollibaugh, Amber, and Moraga, Cherrie. 1983. "What We're Rolling Around in Bed With: Sexual Silences in Feminism." pp. 394-405 in Powers of Desire: The Politics of Sexuality, edited by Ann Snitow, Christine Stansell, and Sharon Thompson. New York: Monthly Review Press.* Connell, R. W. 1997. "Hegemonic Masculinity and Emphacized Femininity." pp. 22-6 in R, T, & W. Goldberg, Carey. "Issues of Gender, From Pronoun to Murder." New York Times, June 11, 1999.*

Film: "The Pink Triangle"
Draft Newspaper Articles Returned to Original Authors with Feedback

Challenges & Alternatives, Activism & Solidarity, Women's Movements & Social Change: [7/14]
Petchescky, R. 1997. "Spiraling Discourses of Reproductive and Sexual Rights: A Post-Beijing Assessment of International Feminist Politics." pp. 569-587 in C, J, & T. Blackwell-Stratton, Marian, Breslin, Mary Lou, Brynne Mayerson, Arlene, and Bailey Susan. 1997. "Smashing Icons: Disabled Women and the Disability and Women's Movement." pp. 519-540 in C, J, & T. Abdulhadi, R. 1998. "The Palestinian Women's Autonomous Movement: Emergence, Dynamics, and Challenges." Gender & Society, 12, No. 6, December.* Shah, Sonia. 1997. Presenting the Blue Goddess: Toward a National Pan-Asian Feminist Agenda." pp. 541-548 in C, J, & T. Marx Ferree, Myra. 1997. "Patriarchies and Feminisms: The Two Women's Movements of Post- Unification Germany." pp. 526-536 in R, T, & W. Taylor, Veta, and Whittier, Nancy. 1997. "The New Feminist Movement." pp. 544-561 in R, T, &W. Daly, Kathleen. 1997. "Crime and Justice: Paradoxes for Theory and Action." pp. 499-515 in C,J,T.

Memo 5 due

Data Base Resources on Women's Studies, Community News, and The New York Times: [7/15]
Learning to access data at the Library and from other resources Room 609 Hunter East, 6th floor of the Library Instructor: Ms. Patricia Woodward

Group Reports of Students' Articles: [7/19] Group I, II, III, & IV Newspaper Articles Due

Group Reports of Students' Articles: [7/21] Group V, VI, & VII

Group Reports of Students' Articles: [7/22] Remaining Business conclusion/evaluation/closure